Artificial Intelligence in Pharmacoepidemiology: A Systematic Review. Part 1—Overview of Knowledge Discovery Techniques in Artificial Intelligence

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Aim: To perform a systematic review on the application of artificial intelligence (AI) based knowledge discovery techniques in pharmacoepidemiology. Study Eligibility Criteria: Clinical trials, meta-analyses, narrative/systematic review, and observational studies using (or mentioning articles using) artificial intelligence techniques were eligible. Articles without a full text available in the English language were excluded. Data Sources: Articles recorded from 1950/01/01 to 2019/05/06 in Ovid MEDLINE were screened. Participants: Studies including humans (real or simulated) exposed to a drug. Results: In total, 72 original articles and 5 reviews were identified via Ovid MEDLINE. Twenty different knowledge discovery methods were identified, mainly from the area of machine learning (66/72; 91.7%). Classification/regression (44/72; 61.1%), classification/regression + model optimization (13/72; 18.0%), and classification/regression + features selection (12/72; 16.7%) were the three most frequent tasks in reviewed literature that machine learning methods has been applied to solve. The top three used techniques were artificial neural networks, random forest, and support vector machines models. Conclusions: The use of knowledge discovery techniques of artificial intelligence techniques has increased exponentially over the years covering numerous sub-topics of pharmacoepidemiology. Systematic Review Registration: Systematic review registration number in PROSPERO: CRD42019136552.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1028
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • artificial intelligence, deep learning, machine learning, pharmacoepidemiology, systematic review

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