2-Amino-3-(3-hydroxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl)propionic acid: resolution, absolute stereochemistry and enantiopharmacology at glutamate receptors
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In order to identify new subtype-selective (S)-glutamate (Glu) receptor ligands we have synthesized (RS)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-1,2,5-thiadiazol-4-yl)propionic acid [(RS)-TDPA]. Resolution of (RS)-TDPA by chiral chromatography was performed using a Crownpac CR(+) column affording (R)- and (S)-TDPA of high enantiomeric purity (enantiomeric excess=99.9%). An X-ray crystallographic analysis revealed that the early eluting enantiomer has R-configuration. Both enantiomers showed high affinity as well as high agonist activity at (RS)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA) receptors, determined using a [(3)H]AMPA binding assay and an electrophysiological model, respectively. The affinities and agonist activities obtained for (R)-TDPA (IC(50)=0.265 microM and EC(50)=6.6 microM, respectively) and (S)-TDPA (IC(50)=0.065 microM and EC(50)=20 microM, respectively) revealed a remarkably low AMPA receptor stereoselectivity, (S)-TDPA showing the highest affinity and (R)-TDPA the most potent agonist activity. In addition, (S)-TDPA was shown to interact with synaptosomal Glu uptake sites displacing [(3)H](R)-aspartic acid (IC(50 ) approximately 390 microM). An enantiospecific and subtype-selective agonist activity was observed for (S)-TDPA at group I metabotropic Glu (mGlu) receptors (EC(50)=13 microM at mGlu(5) and EC(50)=95 microM at mGlu(1)).
|Journal||Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Animals, CHO Cells, Cricetinae, Crystallography, X-Ray, Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists, Male, Propionic Acids, Radioligand Assay, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Glutamate, Stereoisomerism, Synaptosomes