A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania: analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern

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A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania : analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern. / Bloch, Paul; Nielsen, Nina O.; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf; Malecela, Mwelecele N.; Simonsen, Paul Erik.

In: Acta Tropica, Vol. 120, No. 3, 2011, p. 258-267.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bloch, P, Nielsen, NO, Meyrowitsch, DW, Malecela, MN & Simonsen, PE 2011, 'A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania: analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern', Acta Tropica, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 258-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006

APA

Bloch, P., Nielsen, N. O., Meyrowitsch, D. W., Malecela, M. N., & Simonsen, P. E. (2011). A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania: analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern. Acta Tropica, 120(3), 258-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006

Vancouver

Bloch P, Nielsen NO, Meyrowitsch DW, Malecela MN, Simonsen PE. A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania: analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern. Acta Tropica. 2011;120(3):258-267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006

Author

Bloch, Paul ; Nielsen, Nina O. ; Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf ; Malecela, Mwelecele N. ; Simonsen, Paul Erik. / A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania : analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern. In: Acta Tropica. 2011 ; Vol. 120, No. 3. pp. 258-267.

Bibtex

@article{13bc8570e12c443fa238b09d06f62c16,
title = "A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania: analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern",
abstract = "Seventy-one individuals who had been examined for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia in 1975, some of whom had been offered mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in subsequent years, were re-identified in 1996 and examined for microfilaraemia, circulating filarial antigenemia and cellular and humoral immunoresponsiveness to crude antigen homogenates prepared from Brugia pahangi parasite material. 85.9{\%} of the study individuals had the same infection status in 1975 and 1996, suggesting strong predisposition to infection over extended periods of time. IL-4, IL-5 and IFN¿ responses were associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas IL-10 responses were associated with being infection positive. Similarly, specific IgG3 and IgE were strongly associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas specific IgG4, and thus high IgG4/IgE ratios, were strongly associated with being infection positive. Intermediary levels of mainly IL-5, IFN¿ and PBMC stimulation indices were observed for study individuals who changed from being infection positive in 1975 to infection negative in 1996, or vice versa, suggesting a transition in cellular immunoresponsiveness associated with changing infection status. The findings suggest that some people are more disposed to infection with bancroftian filariasis than others and that this is largely unaffected by treatment with DEC. The findings also suggest that specific cellular and antibody responses are more related to current than past infection status, and that IL-4, IL-5, IFN¿, specific IgG3 and IgE are associated with parasite clearance, whereas IL-10 and specific IgG4 are associated with parasite protection.",
keywords = "LIFE, Lymphatic filariasis, Immunology, Epidemiology, Cellular responsiveness, Antibodies, Cytokines, Tanzania",
author = "Paul Bloch and Nielsen, {Nina O.} and Meyrowitsch, {Dan Wolf} and Malecela, {Mwelecele N.} and Simonsen, {Paul Erik}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
pages = "258--267",
journal = "Acta Tropica",
issn = "0001-706X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A 22 year follow-up study on lymphatic filariasis in Tanzania

T2 - analysis of immunological responsiveness in relation to long-term infection pattern

AU - Bloch, Paul

AU - Nielsen, Nina O.

AU - Meyrowitsch, Dan Wolf

AU - Malecela, Mwelecele N.

AU - Simonsen, Paul Erik

N1 - Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Seventy-one individuals who had been examined for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia in 1975, some of whom had been offered mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in subsequent years, were re-identified in 1996 and examined for microfilaraemia, circulating filarial antigenemia and cellular and humoral immunoresponsiveness to crude antigen homogenates prepared from Brugia pahangi parasite material. 85.9% of the study individuals had the same infection status in 1975 and 1996, suggesting strong predisposition to infection over extended periods of time. IL-4, IL-5 and IFN¿ responses were associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas IL-10 responses were associated with being infection positive. Similarly, specific IgG3 and IgE were strongly associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas specific IgG4, and thus high IgG4/IgE ratios, were strongly associated with being infection positive. Intermediary levels of mainly IL-5, IFN¿ and PBMC stimulation indices were observed for study individuals who changed from being infection positive in 1975 to infection negative in 1996, or vice versa, suggesting a transition in cellular immunoresponsiveness associated with changing infection status. The findings suggest that some people are more disposed to infection with bancroftian filariasis than others and that this is largely unaffected by treatment with DEC. The findings also suggest that specific cellular and antibody responses are more related to current than past infection status, and that IL-4, IL-5, IFN¿, specific IgG3 and IgE are associated with parasite clearance, whereas IL-10 and specific IgG4 are associated with parasite protection.

AB - Seventy-one individuals who had been examined for Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia in 1975, some of whom had been offered mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine (DEC) in subsequent years, were re-identified in 1996 and examined for microfilaraemia, circulating filarial antigenemia and cellular and humoral immunoresponsiveness to crude antigen homogenates prepared from Brugia pahangi parasite material. 85.9% of the study individuals had the same infection status in 1975 and 1996, suggesting strong predisposition to infection over extended periods of time. IL-4, IL-5 and IFN¿ responses were associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas IL-10 responses were associated with being infection positive. Similarly, specific IgG3 and IgE were strongly associated with being infection negative in 1996 whereas specific IgG4, and thus high IgG4/IgE ratios, were strongly associated with being infection positive. Intermediary levels of mainly IL-5, IFN¿ and PBMC stimulation indices were observed for study individuals who changed from being infection positive in 1975 to infection negative in 1996, or vice versa, suggesting a transition in cellular immunoresponsiveness associated with changing infection status. The findings suggest that some people are more disposed to infection with bancroftian filariasis than others and that this is largely unaffected by treatment with DEC. The findings also suggest that specific cellular and antibody responses are more related to current than past infection status, and that IL-4, IL-5, IFN¿, specific IgG3 and IgE are associated with parasite clearance, whereas IL-10 and specific IgG4 are associated with parasite protection.

KW - LIFE

KW - Lymphatic filariasis

KW - Immunology

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Cellular responsiveness

KW - Antibodies

KW - Cytokines

KW - Tanzania

U2 - 10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006

DO - 10.1016/j.actatropica.2011.09.006

M3 - Journal article

VL - 120

SP - 258

EP - 267

JO - Acta Tropica

JF - Acta Tropica

SN - 0001-706X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 35129248