A 7-year randomized prospective study of a one-step self-etching adhesive in non-carious cervical lesions. The effect of curing modes and restorative material

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Jan W V van Dijken, Ulla Pallesen

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical retention of a one-step self-etching adhesive system (Xeno III) in Class V non-carious cervical lesions and the effect of restorative material and curing techniques on longevity of the restorations.
Material and methods: A total of 139 Class V restorations were placed with the self-etching primer Xeno III and a resin composite (Tetric Ceram) or a poly-acid modified resin composite (Dyract AP) in non-carious cervical lesions without intentional enamel involvement. The materials were cured with a conventional continuous light, a soft-start or a pulse-delay curing mode. The restorations were evaluated at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months and then yearly during a 7 years follow-up with modified USPHS criteria. Dentin bonding efficiency was determined by the percentage of lost restorations.
Results: During the 7 years, 135 restorations could be evaluated. No post-operative sensitivity was reported by the participants. Overall relative cumulative loss rate frequencies for the adhesive system at 6, 18 and 7 years, independent of curing technique and restorative material, were 0.8%, 6.9% and 23.0%, respectively. The self-etching adhesive fulfilled at 18 months the full acceptance ADA criteria. Tetric Ceram showed at 7 years a 20.9% loss of retention and Dyract AP a 25.0% loss rate (Log rank p=0.48). The loss rates for the 3 curing techniques: continuous, soft start and pulse delay were 17%, 27.9% and 24.4%, respectively (Log rank p=0.52)..No secondary caries was observed.
Significance: The single-step self-etching adhesive showed acceptable clinical long-time retention rates to dentin surfaces independent of restorative material and curing technique used.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume40
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1060-7
Number of pages8
ISSN0300-5712
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ID: 40387514