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Chemogenomic discovery of allosteric antagonists at the GPRC6A receptor

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David E. Gloriam, Petrine Wellendorph, Lars Dan Johansen, Alex Rojas Bie Thomsen, Karina Phonekeo, Daniel Sejer Pedersen, Hans Bräuner-Osborne

GPRC6A is a Family C G protein-coupled receptor recently discovered and deorphanized by our group. This study integrates chemogenomic ligand inference, homology modeling, compound synthesis, and pharmacological mechanism-of-action studies to disclose two noticeable results of methodological and pharmacological character: (1) chemogenomic lead identification through the first, to our knowledge, ligand inference between two different GPCR families, Families A and C; and (2) the discovery of the most selective GPRC6A allosteric antagonists discovered to date. The unprecedented inference of pharmacological activity across GPCR families provides proof-of-concept for in silico approaches against Family C targets based on Family A templates, greatly expanding the prospects of successful drug design and discovery. The antagonists were tested against a panel of seven Family A and C G protein-coupled receptors containing the chemogenomic binding sequence motif where some of the identified GPRC6A antagonists showed some activity. However, three compounds with at least ~3-fold selectivity for GPRC6A were discovered, which present a significant step forward compared with the previously published GPRC6A antagonists, calindol and NPS 2143, which both display ~30-fold selectivity for the calcium-sensing receptor compared to GPRC6A. The antagonists constitute novel research tools toward investigating the signaling mechanism of the GPRC6A receptor at the cellular level and serve as initial ligands for further optimization of potency and selectivity enabling future ex vivo/in vivo pharmacological studies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemistry & Biology
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1489-1498
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2011

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