Continuous lactation in dairy cows: effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Continuous lactation in dairy cows : effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction. / Madsen, Torben Gosvig; Nielsen, Mette Benedicte Olaf; Andersen, Jens Bech; Ingvartsen, Klaus Lønne.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 91, No. 5, 2008, p. 1791-1801.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Madsen, TG, Nielsen, MBO, Andersen, JB & Ingvartsen, KL 2008, 'Continuous lactation in dairy cows: effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction', Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 1791-1801. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0905

APA

Madsen, T. G., Nielsen, M. B. O., Andersen, J. B., & Ingvartsen, K. L. (2008). Continuous lactation in dairy cows: effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction. Journal of Dairy Science, 91(5), 1791-1801. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0905

Vancouver

Madsen TG, Nielsen MBO, Andersen JB, Ingvartsen KL. Continuous lactation in dairy cows: effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction. Journal of Dairy Science. 2008;91(5):1791-1801. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2007-0905

Author

Madsen, Torben Gosvig ; Nielsen, Mette Benedicte Olaf ; Andersen, Jens Bech ; Ingvartsen, Klaus Lønne. / Continuous lactation in dairy cows : effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction. In: Journal of Dairy Science. 2008 ; Vol. 91, No. 5. pp. 1791-1801.

Bibtex

@article{0bf10630a1c411ddb6ae000ea68e967b,
title = "Continuous lactation in dairy cows: effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction",
abstract = "Reports over the past decade have indicated that normal lactational performance can be achieved in genetically superior and high-producing dairy cows, even when the dry period between 2 lactations is omitted. The hypothesis tested in this experiment was that normal lactogenesis I and metabolic function may be achievable in continuously milked high-yielding dairy cows as a result of the genetic selection for lactation performance and hence longevity of mammary epithelial cells. The milk production and mammary nutrient uptake in response to omission of the dry period for cows with an expected peak milk yield higher than 45 kg/d were studied in 28 Holstein dairy cows managed without bovine somatotropin. Performance and metabolic parameters were followed in late gestation and in the following early lactation. Fourteen cows were milked continuously throughout late gestation, and another 14 dairy cows experienced a 7-wk prepartum dry period. Continuous milking during the prepartum period reduced milk production in the following early lactation period by >20{\%}. The reduced milk production could not be readily ascribed to inefficiency of the mechanisms responsible for nutrient uptake by the lactating mammary epithelial cells, nor to systemic endocrine changes. This suggests that lowered mammary nutrient uptake must have been associated with reduced mammary blood flow, metabolic activity, or both, most likely as a result of disturbed lactogenesis I prepartum or lactogenesis II postpartum triggered by as yet unknown local mechanisms. Milk protein content was elevated by 0.4 percentage units in the continuously milked cows. The underlying reason is unknown, but given the current pricing system for milk, it deserves to be further investigated.",
keywords = "LIFE, continuous milking, dry period, mammary metabolism, mammary nutrient uptake",
author = "Madsen, {Torben Gosvig} and Nielsen, {Mette Benedicte Olaf} and Andersen, {Jens Bech} and Ingvartsen, {Klaus L{\o}nne}",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.3168/jds.2007-0905",
language = "English",
volume = "91",
pages = "1791--1801",
journal = "Journal of Dairy Science",
issn = "0022-0302",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Continuous lactation in dairy cows

T2 - effect on milk production and mammary nutrient supply and extraction

AU - Madsen, Torben Gosvig

AU - Nielsen, Mette Benedicte Olaf

AU - Andersen, Jens Bech

AU - Ingvartsen, Klaus Lønne

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Reports over the past decade have indicated that normal lactational performance can be achieved in genetically superior and high-producing dairy cows, even when the dry period between 2 lactations is omitted. The hypothesis tested in this experiment was that normal lactogenesis I and metabolic function may be achievable in continuously milked high-yielding dairy cows as a result of the genetic selection for lactation performance and hence longevity of mammary epithelial cells. The milk production and mammary nutrient uptake in response to omission of the dry period for cows with an expected peak milk yield higher than 45 kg/d were studied in 28 Holstein dairy cows managed without bovine somatotropin. Performance and metabolic parameters were followed in late gestation and in the following early lactation. Fourteen cows were milked continuously throughout late gestation, and another 14 dairy cows experienced a 7-wk prepartum dry period. Continuous milking during the prepartum period reduced milk production in the following early lactation period by >20%. The reduced milk production could not be readily ascribed to inefficiency of the mechanisms responsible for nutrient uptake by the lactating mammary epithelial cells, nor to systemic endocrine changes. This suggests that lowered mammary nutrient uptake must have been associated with reduced mammary blood flow, metabolic activity, or both, most likely as a result of disturbed lactogenesis I prepartum or lactogenesis II postpartum triggered by as yet unknown local mechanisms. Milk protein content was elevated by 0.4 percentage units in the continuously milked cows. The underlying reason is unknown, but given the current pricing system for milk, it deserves to be further investigated.

AB - Reports over the past decade have indicated that normal lactational performance can be achieved in genetically superior and high-producing dairy cows, even when the dry period between 2 lactations is omitted. The hypothesis tested in this experiment was that normal lactogenesis I and metabolic function may be achievable in continuously milked high-yielding dairy cows as a result of the genetic selection for lactation performance and hence longevity of mammary epithelial cells. The milk production and mammary nutrient uptake in response to omission of the dry period for cows with an expected peak milk yield higher than 45 kg/d were studied in 28 Holstein dairy cows managed without bovine somatotropin. Performance and metabolic parameters were followed in late gestation and in the following early lactation. Fourteen cows were milked continuously throughout late gestation, and another 14 dairy cows experienced a 7-wk prepartum dry period. Continuous milking during the prepartum period reduced milk production in the following early lactation period by >20%. The reduced milk production could not be readily ascribed to inefficiency of the mechanisms responsible for nutrient uptake by the lactating mammary epithelial cells, nor to systemic endocrine changes. This suggests that lowered mammary nutrient uptake must have been associated with reduced mammary blood flow, metabolic activity, or both, most likely as a result of disturbed lactogenesis I prepartum or lactogenesis II postpartum triggered by as yet unknown local mechanisms. Milk protein content was elevated by 0.4 percentage units in the continuously milked cows. The underlying reason is unknown, but given the current pricing system for milk, it deserves to be further investigated.

KW - LIFE

KW - continuous milking

KW - dry period

KW - mammary metabolism

KW - mammary nutrient uptake

U2 - 10.3168/jds.2007-0905

DO - 10.3168/jds.2007-0905

M3 - Journal article

VL - 91

SP - 1791

EP - 1801

JO - Journal of Dairy Science

JF - Journal of Dairy Science

SN - 0022-0302

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 8108323