Contrasting actions of philanthotoxin-343 and philanthotoxin-(12) on human muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article
Whole-cell recordings and outside-out patch recordings from TE671 cells were made to investigate antagonism of human muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) by the philanthotoxins, PhTX-343 and PhTX-(12). When coapplied with acetylcholine (ACh), PhTX-343 caused activation-dependent, noncompetitive inhibition (IC50 = 17 microM at -100 mV) of whole-cell currents that was strongly voltage-dependent. However, preapplication of PhTX-343 unveiled a voltage-independent antagonism that also required receptor activation, which is suggestive of desensitization enhancement. In single-channel studies, 10 microM PhTX-343 significantly reduced the mean open time of channel openings evoked by 1 microM ACh from 4.42 +/- 0.44 to 1.58 +/- 0.10 ms with a minor increase (1.26-fold) in mean closed time. These data indicate that PhTX-343 predominantly blocks the open channel gated by ACh. In contrast, PhTX-(12) caused potent (IC50 = 0.77 microM at-100 mV), activation-dependent, noncompetitive inhibition of ACh-induced whole-cell currents that was only weakly voltage-dependent and suggestive of desensitization enhancement. It caused only a small decrease (7.5%) in the mean open time of channel openings induced by 1 microM ACh, whereas the mean closed time was significantly increased from 200 +/- 45 ms to 586 +/- 145 ms. The different voltage-dependencies of the two modes of action of these philanthotoxins suggest two binding sites, one deep in the nAChR pore, the other near the extracellular entrance to the pore.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2003|
- Cells, Cultured, Humans, Phenols, Polyamines, Receptors, Nicotinic, Tyrosine