Effect of different surfactants in biorelevant medium on the secretion of a lipophilic compound in lipoproteins using Caco-2 cell culture
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
The impact of a pharmaceutical relevant metabolizable, ionic surfactant or two synthetic, nonionic surfactants on the absorption and lipoprotein incorporation of a lipophilic drug, retinol, was studied in the Caco-2 cell culture. Filter-grown monolayers of Caco-2 cells were incubated for 20 h with (3)H-retinol and (14)C-oleic acid and with increasing concentrations of lyso-phosphatidylcholine (lyso-PC), Cremophor RH40, or Tween 80. The concentration of (3)H-retinol and (14)C-lipid was measured in the apical, intracellular, and basolateral compartments. The basolateral medium was ultracentrifugated into different lipoprotein classes and their (3)H-retinol and (14)C-lipid concentrations were determined. The cells incubated with lyso-PC and Tween 80 increased the incorporation of (3)H-retinol and (14)C-lipid into chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). The explored surfactants impacted the incorporation of (3)H-retinol and (14)C-lipid in chylomicrons and VLDL in a concentration-dependent manner. As these surfactants interfere with the intestinal lipoprotein secretion, inclusion of high concentrations of the surfactants in lipid-based formulations of poorly aqueous soluble drugs might impact the degree of intestinal lymphatic transport of the drug after oral administration.
|Journal||Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
Keywords: Caco-2 Cells; Humans; Lipoproteins; Lysophosphatidylcholines; Oleic Acid; Polyethylene Glycols; Polysorbates; Surface-Active Agents; Vitamin A
- The Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences