Increasing process understanding by analyzing complex interactions in experimental data

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Kaisa Naelapaa, Morten Allesø, Henning Gjelstrup Kristensen, Rasmus Bro, Jukka Tapio Rantanen, Poul Bertelsen

There is a recognized need for new approaches to understand unit operations with pharmaceutical relevance. A method for analyzing complex interactions in experimental data is introduced. Higher-order interactions do exist between process parameters, which complicate the interpretation of experimental results. In this study, experiments based on mixed factorial design of coating process were performed. Drug release was analyzed by traditional analysis of variance (ANOVA) and generalized multiplicative ANOVA (GEMANOVA). GEMANOVA modeling is introduced in this study as a new tool for increased understanding of a coating process. It was possible to model the response, that is, the amount of drug released, using both mentioned techniques. However, the ANOVAmodel was difficult to interpret as several interactions between process parameters existed. In contrast to ANOVA, GEMANOVA is especially suited for modeling complex interactions and making easily understandable models of these. GEMANOVA modeling allowed a simple visualization of the entire experimental space. Furthermore, information was obtained on how relative changes in the settings of process parameters influence the film quality and thereby drug release.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume98
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1852-1861
Number of pages10
ISSN0022-3549
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

ID: 12627146