Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women. / Gliemann, Lasse; Rytter, Nicolai; Tamariz-Ellemann, Andrea; Egelund, Jon; Brandt, Nina; Carter, Howard Henry; Hellsten, Ylva.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 09.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gliemann, L, Rytter, N, Tamariz-Ellemann, A, Egelund, J, Brandt, N, Carter, HH & Hellsten, Y 2019, 'Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180

APA

Gliemann, L., Rytter, N., Tamariz-Ellemann, A., Egelund, J., Brandt, N., Carter, H. H., & Hellsten, Y. (Accepted/In press). Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180

Vancouver

Gliemann L, Rytter N, Tamariz-Ellemann A, Egelund J, Brandt N, Carter HH et al. Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2019 Oct 9. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180

Author

Gliemann, Lasse ; Rytter, Nicolai ; Tamariz-Ellemann, Andrea ; Egelund, Jon ; Brandt, Nina ; Carter, Howard Henry ; Hellsten, Ylva. / Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{67bb47698bbd48f3b41d3195a0a32889,
title = "Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women",
abstract = "Introduction: The study evaluated the role of life-long physical activity for leg vascular function in post-menopausal women (61±1 years).Method: The study design was cross-sectional with 3 different groups based on their self-reported physical activity level with regard to intensity and volume over the past decade: Inactive (n=14); Moderately active (n=12) and; Very active (n=15). Endothelial dependent and smooth muscle dependent leg vascular function were assessed by ultrasound doppler measurements of the femoral artery during infusion of acetylcholine, the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside and the prostacyclin analog epoprostenol. Thigh muscle biopsies and venous plasma samples were obtained for assessment of vasodilator systems.Results: The very active group was found to have ~ 76{\%} greater responsiveness to acetylcholine compared to the sedentary group accompanied by a ~200{\%} higher prostacyclin synthesis during ach infusion. Smooth muscle cell responsiveness to sodium nitroprusside and epoprostenol was not different between groups. The protein amount of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and endogenous antioxidant enzymes in muscle tissue was higher in the very active than the inactive group. The moderately active group had a similar endothelial and smooth muscle cell responsiveness as the inactive group. A secondary comparison with a smaller group (n=5) of habitually active young (24±2 yrs) women indicated that smooth muscle cell responsiveness and endothelial responsiveness is affected by age per se.Conclusion: This study shows that leg vascular function, and a greater potential to form prostacyclin and NO in late post-menopausal women, is influenced by the extent of life-long physical activity.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Blood vessel, Estrogen, Exercise, Prostacyclin, Nitric oxide",
author = "Lasse Gliemann and Nicolai Rytter and Andrea Tamariz-Ellemann and Jon Egelund and Nina Brandt and Carter, {Howard Henry} and Ylva Hellsten",
note = "Afventer publicering som [Epub ahead of print] samt tildeling af CURIS-nummer.",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180",
language = "English",
journal = "Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise",
issn = "0195-9131",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lifelong physical activity determines vascular function in late postmenopausal women

AU - Gliemann, Lasse

AU - Rytter, Nicolai

AU - Tamariz-Ellemann, Andrea

AU - Egelund, Jon

AU - Brandt, Nina

AU - Carter, Howard Henry

AU - Hellsten, Ylva

N1 - Afventer publicering som [Epub ahead of print] samt tildeling af CURIS-nummer.

PY - 2019/10/9

Y1 - 2019/10/9

N2 - Introduction: The study evaluated the role of life-long physical activity for leg vascular function in post-menopausal women (61±1 years).Method: The study design was cross-sectional with 3 different groups based on their self-reported physical activity level with regard to intensity and volume over the past decade: Inactive (n=14); Moderately active (n=12) and; Very active (n=15). Endothelial dependent and smooth muscle dependent leg vascular function were assessed by ultrasound doppler measurements of the femoral artery during infusion of acetylcholine, the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside and the prostacyclin analog epoprostenol. Thigh muscle biopsies and venous plasma samples were obtained for assessment of vasodilator systems.Results: The very active group was found to have ~ 76% greater responsiveness to acetylcholine compared to the sedentary group accompanied by a ~200% higher prostacyclin synthesis during ach infusion. Smooth muscle cell responsiveness to sodium nitroprusside and epoprostenol was not different between groups. The protein amount of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and endogenous antioxidant enzymes in muscle tissue was higher in the very active than the inactive group. The moderately active group had a similar endothelial and smooth muscle cell responsiveness as the inactive group. A secondary comparison with a smaller group (n=5) of habitually active young (24±2 yrs) women indicated that smooth muscle cell responsiveness and endothelial responsiveness is affected by age per se.Conclusion: This study shows that leg vascular function, and a greater potential to form prostacyclin and NO in late post-menopausal women, is influenced by the extent of life-long physical activity.

AB - Introduction: The study evaluated the role of life-long physical activity for leg vascular function in post-menopausal women (61±1 years).Method: The study design was cross-sectional with 3 different groups based on their self-reported physical activity level with regard to intensity and volume over the past decade: Inactive (n=14); Moderately active (n=12) and; Very active (n=15). Endothelial dependent and smooth muscle dependent leg vascular function were assessed by ultrasound doppler measurements of the femoral artery during infusion of acetylcholine, the nitric oxide (NO) donor sodium nitroprusside and the prostacyclin analog epoprostenol. Thigh muscle biopsies and venous plasma samples were obtained for assessment of vasodilator systems.Results: The very active group was found to have ~ 76% greater responsiveness to acetylcholine compared to the sedentary group accompanied by a ~200% higher prostacyclin synthesis during ach infusion. Smooth muscle cell responsiveness to sodium nitroprusside and epoprostenol was not different between groups. The protein amount of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and endogenous antioxidant enzymes in muscle tissue was higher in the very active than the inactive group. The moderately active group had a similar endothelial and smooth muscle cell responsiveness as the inactive group. A secondary comparison with a smaller group (n=5) of habitually active young (24±2 yrs) women indicated that smooth muscle cell responsiveness and endothelial responsiveness is affected by age per se.Conclusion: This study shows that leg vascular function, and a greater potential to form prostacyclin and NO in late post-menopausal women, is influenced by the extent of life-long physical activity.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Blood vessel

KW - Estrogen

KW - Exercise

KW - Prostacyclin

KW - Nitric oxide

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002180

M3 - Journal article

JO - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

JF - Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

ER -

ID: 228729706