Molecular mechanics calculations of proteins. Comparison of different energy minimization strategies

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I T Christensen, Flemming Steen Jørgensen

A general strategy for performing energy minimization of proteins using the SYBYL molecular modelling program has been developed. The influence of several variables including energy minimization procedure, solvation, dielectric function and dielectric constant have been investigated in order to develop a general method, which is capable of producing high quality protein structures. Avian pancreatic polypeptide (APP) and bovine pancreatic phospholipase A2 (BP PLA2) were selected for the calculations, because high quality X-ray structures exist and because all classes of secondary structure are represented in the structures. The energy minimized structures were evaluated relative to the corresponding X-ray structures. The overall similarity was checked by calculating RMS distances for all atom positions. Backbone conformation was checked by Ramachandran plots and secondary structure elements evaluated by the length on hydrogen bonds. The dimensions of active site in BP PLA2 is very dependent on electrostatic interactions, due to the presence of the positively charged calcium ion. Thus, the distances between calcium and the calcium-coordinating groups were used as a quality index for this protein. Energy minimized structures of the trimeric PLA2 from Indian cobra (N.n.n. PLA2) were used for assessing the impact of protein-protein interactions. Based on the above mentioned criteria, it could be concluded that using the following conditions: Dielectric constant epsilon = 4 or 20; a distance dependent dielectric function and stepwise energy minimization, it is possible to reproduce X-ray structures very accurately without including explicit solvent molecules.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)473-88
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 1997

    Research areas

  • Algorithms, Animals, Cattle, Computer Simulation, Energy Transfer, Humans, Models, Molecular, Pancreatic Polypeptide, Phospholipases A, Phospholipases A2, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Solvents, Static Electricity

ID: 38394370