Neuroprotective and neurological properties of Melissa officinalis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Víctor López, Sara Martín, Maria Pilar Gómez-Serranillos, Maria Emilia Carretero, Anna Katharina Jäger, Maria Isabel Calvo

Melissa officinalis has traditionally been used due to its effects on nervous system. Both methanolic and aqueous extracts were tested for protective effects on the PC12 cell line, free radical scavenging properties and neurological activities (inhibition of MAO-A and acetylcholinesterase enzymes and affinity to the GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor). The results suggest that the plant has a significant (P < 0.05) protective effect on hydrogen peroxide induced toxicity in PC12 cells. The radical scavenging properties were also investigated in cells and in cell free systems, where this plant was shown to be a good free radical scavenger. The MAO-A bioassay was also performed to detect possible antidepressant activities demonstrating that both extracts inhibited this enzyme, which has a key role in neurotransmitters metabolism. However, no activity was detected in the acetylcholinesterase and GABA assays. In general, the methanolic extract was more effective than the aqueous.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume34
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1955-1961
ISSN0364-3190
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Melissa officinalis; Traditional medicine; Neuroprotective; PC12; Antioxidant; MAO

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