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Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter. / Al-Khawaja, Anas; Haugaard, Anne S; Marek, Ales; Löffler, Rebekka; Thiesen, Louise; Santiveri, Monica; Damgaard, Maria; Bundgaard, Christoffer; Frølund, Bente; Wellendorph, Petrine.

In: A C S Chemical Neuroscience, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2018, p. 545–554.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Al-Khawaja, A, Haugaard, AS, Marek, A, Löffler, R, Thiesen, L, Santiveri, M, Damgaard, M, Bundgaard, C, Frølund, B & Wellendorph, P 2018, 'Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter' A C S Chemical Neuroscience, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 545–554. https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351

APA

Al-Khawaja, A., Haugaard, A. S., Marek, A., Löffler, R., Thiesen, L., Santiveri, M., ... Wellendorph, P. (2018). Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter. A C S Chemical Neuroscience, 9(3), 545–554. https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351

Vancouver

Al-Khawaja A, Haugaard AS, Marek A, Löffler R, Thiesen L, Santiveri M et al. Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter. A C S Chemical Neuroscience. 2018;9(3): 545–554. https://doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351

Author

Al-Khawaja, Anas ; Haugaard, Anne S ; Marek, Ales ; Löffler, Rebekka ; Thiesen, Louise ; Santiveri, Monica ; Damgaard, Maria ; Bundgaard, Christoffer ; Frølund, Bente ; Wellendorph, Petrine. / Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter. In: A C S Chemical Neuroscience. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 545–554.

Bibtex

@article{2474d5a4f9be496199e3f3c12581f13c,
title = "Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter",
abstract = "The betaine/γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter 1 (BGT1) is one of the four GABA transporters (GATs) involved in the termination of GABAergic neurotransmission. Although suggested to be implicated in seizure management, the exact functional importance of BGT1 in the brain is still elusive. This is partly owing to the lack of potent and selective pharmacological tool compounds that can be used to probe its function. We previously reported the identification of 2-amino-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (ATPCA), a selective substrate for BGT1 over GAT1/GAT3, but also an agonist for GABAA receptors. With the aim of providing new functional insight into BGT1, we here present the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of the tritiated analogue, [(3)H]ATPCA. Using traditional uptake assays at recombinant transporters expressed in cell lines, [(3)HH]ATPCA displayed a striking selectivity for BGT1 among the four GATs (Km and Vmax values of 21 µM and 3.6 nmol ATPCA/(min×mg protein), respectively), but was also found to be a substrate for the creatine transporter (CreaT). In experiments with mouse cortical cell cultures, we observed a Na(+)H-dependent [(3)HH]ATPCA uptake in neurons, but not in astrocytes. The neuronal uptake could be inhibited by GABA, ATPCA and a non-competitive BGT1-selective inhibitor, indicating functional BGT1 in neurons. In conclusion, we report [(3)HH]ATPCA as a novel radioactive substrate for both BGT1 and CreaT. The dual activity should be taken into consideration when using this tool compound to study either target under native conditions.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Anas Al-Khawaja and Haugaard, {Anne S} and Ales Marek and Rebekka L{\"o}ffler and Louise Thiesen and Monica Santiveri and Maria Damgaard and Christoffer Bundgaard and Bente Fr{\o}lund and Petrine Wellendorph",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "545–554",
journal = "A C S Chemical Neuroscience",
issn = "1948-7193",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pharmacological Characterization of [3H]ATPCA as a Substrate for Studying the Functional Role of the Betaine/GABA Transporter 1 and the Creatine Transporter

AU - Al-Khawaja, Anas

AU - Haugaard, Anne S

AU - Marek, Ales

AU - Löffler, Rebekka

AU - Thiesen, Louise

AU - Santiveri, Monica

AU - Damgaard, Maria

AU - Bundgaard, Christoffer

AU - Frølund, Bente

AU - Wellendorph, Petrine

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The betaine/γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter 1 (BGT1) is one of the four GABA transporters (GATs) involved in the termination of GABAergic neurotransmission. Although suggested to be implicated in seizure management, the exact functional importance of BGT1 in the brain is still elusive. This is partly owing to the lack of potent and selective pharmacological tool compounds that can be used to probe its function. We previously reported the identification of 2-amino-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (ATPCA), a selective substrate for BGT1 over GAT1/GAT3, but also an agonist for GABAA receptors. With the aim of providing new functional insight into BGT1, we here present the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of the tritiated analogue, [(3)H]ATPCA. Using traditional uptake assays at recombinant transporters expressed in cell lines, [(3)HH]ATPCA displayed a striking selectivity for BGT1 among the four GATs (Km and Vmax values of 21 µM and 3.6 nmol ATPCA/(min×mg protein), respectively), but was also found to be a substrate for the creatine transporter (CreaT). In experiments with mouse cortical cell cultures, we observed a Na(+)H-dependent [(3)HH]ATPCA uptake in neurons, but not in astrocytes. The neuronal uptake could be inhibited by GABA, ATPCA and a non-competitive BGT1-selective inhibitor, indicating functional BGT1 in neurons. In conclusion, we report [(3)HH]ATPCA as a novel radioactive substrate for both BGT1 and CreaT. The dual activity should be taken into consideration when using this tool compound to study either target under native conditions.

AB - The betaine/γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter 1 (BGT1) is one of the four GABA transporters (GATs) involved in the termination of GABAergic neurotransmission. Although suggested to be implicated in seizure management, the exact functional importance of BGT1 in the brain is still elusive. This is partly owing to the lack of potent and selective pharmacological tool compounds that can be used to probe its function. We previously reported the identification of 2-amino-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (ATPCA), a selective substrate for BGT1 over GAT1/GAT3, but also an agonist for GABAA receptors. With the aim of providing new functional insight into BGT1, we here present the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of the tritiated analogue, [(3)H]ATPCA. Using traditional uptake assays at recombinant transporters expressed in cell lines, [(3)HH]ATPCA displayed a striking selectivity for BGT1 among the four GATs (Km and Vmax values of 21 µM and 3.6 nmol ATPCA/(min×mg protein), respectively), but was also found to be a substrate for the creatine transporter (CreaT). In experiments with mouse cortical cell cultures, we observed a Na(+)H-dependent [(3)HH]ATPCA uptake in neurons, but not in astrocytes. The neuronal uptake could be inhibited by GABA, ATPCA and a non-competitive BGT1-selective inhibitor, indicating functional BGT1 in neurons. In conclusion, we report [(3)HH]ATPCA as a novel radioactive substrate for both BGT1 and CreaT. The dual activity should be taken into consideration when using this tool compound to study either target under native conditions.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351

DO - 10.1021/acschemneuro.7b00351

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 545

EP - 554

JO - A C S Chemical Neuroscience

JF - A C S Chemical Neuroscience

SN - 1948-7193

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 185654259