Platelet function in dogs: breed differences and effect of acetylsalicylic acid administration

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Line A. Nielsen, Nora Elisabeth Zois, Henrik D. Pedersen, Lisbeth Høier Olsen, Inge Tarnow

Background: Clinical studies investigating platelet function in dogs have had conflicting results that may be caused by normal physiologic variation in platelet response to agonists. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate platelet function in clinically healthy dogs of 4 different breeds by whole-blood aggregometry and with a point-of-care platelet function analyzer (PFA-100), and to evaluate the effect of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) administration on the results from both methods. Methods: Forty-five clinically healthy dogs (12 Cavalier King Charles Spaniels [CKCS], 12 Cairn Terriers, 10 Boxers, and 11 Labrador Retrievers) were included in the study. Platelet function was assessed by whole-blood aggregation with ADP (1, 5, 10, and 20 µM) as agonist and by PFA-100 using collagen and epinephrine (Col + Epi) and Cpæ + ADP as agonists. Plasma thromboxane B2 concentration was not statistically different between groups. Administration of ASA prolonged the PFA-100 closure times, using Col + Epi (but not Col + ADP) as agonists. Furthermore, ASA resulted in decrease in whole-blood platelet aggregation. Conclusions: Platelet function is influenced by breed, depending upon the methodology applied. However, the importance of these breed differences remains to be investigated. The PFA-100 method with Col + Epi as agonists, and ADP-induced platelet aggregation appear to be sensitive to ASA in dogs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Clinical Pathology
Volume36
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)267-273
Number of pages7
ISSN0275-6382
Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Research areas

  • LIFE - Acetylsalicylic acid, ADP, aspirin, breed variability, PFA-100, whole-blood aggregation

ID: 8086832