Postnatal changes in electromyographic signals during piglet growth, and in relation to muscle fibre types

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Ninette Kieme Andersen, L.S. Ravn, J.H. Guy, S.A. Edwards, Adrian Paul Harrison

This study uses non-invasive evoked surface electromyography (SEMG) to investigate postnatal muscle development in pigs, and to assess any correlation between recorded signal parameters and muscle fibre types in two different skeletal muscles. Four litters (n=43) of Large White x Landrace pigs were used. Evoked SEMG mesurements were taken on days 2, 5, 14, 26, 60 and 151 post partum from m. Longissimus dorsi (LD) and on days 14, 26, 60 and 151 post partum from m. Biceps femoris (BF). A third of each litter was slaughtered at days 27, 61 and 153 post partum. Biopsy samples for LD and BF were taken to categorize day 5 post partum, whilst for BF significant increases occurred from days 14 to 26 post partum. Fibre type development in both muscles showed a significant decrease in type IIA fibre number (P<0.001) and an increease in type IIB fibre number (P<0.001). Analysis of CMAP parameters in relation to fibre type percentages showed significant positive correlations between percentage of type I fibres in BF and CMAP Area (r=0.71; P=0.05), SlopeL (r=0.79; P=0.02) and Corr Peak (r=0.78; P=0.02) and a negative correlation with SlopeT (r=0.89; P=0.003) at day 151. A greater CMAP Area and Corr Peak as well as steeper leading and trailing slopes were on the other hand correlated to fewer type IIB fibres.
It is concluded that 1) changes in the evoked CMAP are muscle-specific during early postnatal development in the pig, and 2) in spite of a small sample size, the correlations between CMAP signal parameters and fibre type percentages warrant further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalLivestock Science
Volume115
Issue number2-3
Pages (from-to)301-312
Number of pages12
ISSN1871-1413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Research areas

  • LIFE - Porcine, EMG, Fibre type, Skeletal muscle, B. femoris, L. dorsi

ID: 8104611