Protolytic properties of polyamine wasp toxin analogues studied by 13C NMR spectroscopy

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Acid-base properties of the natural polyamine wasp toxin PhTX-433 (1) and seven synthetic analogues [PhTX-343 (2), PhTX-334 (3), PhTX-443 (4), PhTX-434 (5), PhTX-344 (6), PhTX-444 (7), and PhTX-333 (8)], each having four protolytic sites, were characterized by 13C NMR spectroscopy. Nonlinear, multiparameter, simultaneous fit of all chemical shift data obtained from the NMR titration curves yielded macroscopic pKa values as well as intrinsic chemical shift data of all differently protonated macrospecies. Analyses of the chemical shift data demonstrated strong interactions between all four sites and provided information about complex relationships between chemical shift values and protonation state. Deprotonation of fully protonated forms starts at the central amino group of the polyamine moiety, and the extent of this trend depends on the distance to the flanking, protonated amino groups. The pKa1 values of 1-8 are in the range 8.2-9.4. Hence, some of the toxins are incompletely protonated at the pH and ionic strength conditions used for assessment of their interactions with ionotropic glutamate and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, and the degree of protonation is expected to have pharmacological importance in the ion-channel binding event.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Chemistry
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)1013-22
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Research areas

  • Animals, Carbon, Carbon Isotopes, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Molecular Structure, Polyamines, Titrimetry, Wasp Venoms, Wasps

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