Quality assessment of Tulbaghia rhizomes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Anna Jäger, Gary Ivan Stafford

Tulbaghia species are used in traditional medicine in southern Africa. They contain sulphur compounds, which have anti-Candida activity. The sulphur compounds are unstable, so different extraction methods were investigated. Grinding the rhizome material in liquid nitrogen and extraction with ethanol yielded the best results. Eight Tulbaghia species were tested and found to contain the same pattern of sulphur compounds on the TLC plate, though in varying concentrations, except T. simmleri, for which sulphur compounds could not be detected. This means that more species can potentially be utilised for the drug Tulbaghiae rhizoma. A simple quantitative TLC dilution method was developed, which can be used to ascertain whether the rhizome material contains a sufficient level of sulphur compounds. The effect of storage was investigated. The content of sulphur compounds in the rhizomes decreased fast upon storage, half of the main compound was lost four weeks after harvest. Possible adulterants for Tulbaghiae rhizoma are Allium sativum and Agapanthus campanulatus. It was not possible to detect adulteration with A. sativum, but a simple TLC test could detect adulteration with 10 % A. campanulatus material.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSouth African Journal of Botany
Volume82
Pages (from-to)92-98
Number of pages7
ISSN0254-6299
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

ID: 40575525