Recognition and quantification of pain in horses: A tutorial review: a tutorial review
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Pain management is dependent on the quality of the pain evaluation. Ideally, pain evaluation is objective, pain-specific and easily incorporated into a busy equine clinic. This paper reviews the existing knowledge base regarding the identification and quantification of pain in horses. Behavioural indicators of pain in horses in the context of normal equine behaviour, as well as various physiological parameters potentially useful for pain evaluation, are discussed. Areas where knowledge is sparse are identified and a new equine pain scale based on results from all reviewed papers is proposed. Finally, the most important considerations in relation to the implementation of a pain scale in a hospital setting are discussed.
|Journal||Equine Veterinary Education|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
- Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences - horse, pain evaluation, pain scale, pain behaviour, pain face