Sortilins in neuropathic pain

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearch

Standard

Sortilins in neuropathic pain. / Richner, M; Bjerrum, O J; Koninck, Y De; Nykjaer, A; Vaegter, C B.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, Vol. 3, No. 3, 29.12.2012, p. 183-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearch

Harvard

Richner, M, Bjerrum, OJ, Koninck, YD, Nykjaer, A & Vaegter, CB 2012, 'Sortilins in neuropathic pain', Scandinavian Journal of Pain, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 183-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028

APA

Richner, M., Bjerrum, O. J., Koninck, Y. D., Nykjaer, A., & Vaegter, C. B. (2012). Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 3(3), 183-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028

Vancouver

Richner M, Bjerrum OJ, Koninck YD, Nykjaer A, Vaegter CB. Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Scandinavian Journal of Pain. 2012 Dec 29;3(3):183-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028

Author

Richner, M ; Bjerrum, O J ; Koninck, Y De ; Nykjaer, A ; Vaegter, C B. / Sortilins in neuropathic pain. In: Scandinavian Journal of Pain. 2012 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 183-184.

Bibtex

@article{99e534891eeb4df9b68710f62aaa79cb,
title = "Sortilins in neuropathic pain",
abstract = "Background/aims The molecular mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain are incompletely understood, but recent data suggest that down-regulation of the chloride extruding co-transporter KCC2 in spinal cord sensory neurons is critical: Following peripheral nerve injury, activated microglia in the spinal cord release BDNF, which stimulates neuronal TrkB receptors and ultimately results in the reduction of KCC2 levels. Consequently, neuronal intracellular chloride ion concentration increases, impairing GABAA-receptor mediated inhibition. We have previously described how the receptor sortilin modulates neurotrophin signaling by facilitating anterograde transport of Trk receptors. Unpublished data further link SorCS2, another member of the Sortilins family of sorting receptors (sortilin, SorLA and SorCS1-3) to BDNF signaling by regulating presynaptic TrkB trafficking. The purpose of this study is to explore the involvement of Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Methods We subjected wild-type (wt), sortilin knockout (Sort1-/-) and SorCS2 knockout (SorCS2-/-) mice to the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI) model of peripheral nerve injury. Mechanical allodynia was measured by von Frey filaments using the up-down-up method and a 3-out-of-5 thresshold. Results As previously described by several groups, wt mice developed significant mechanical allodynia following SNI. Interestingly however, mice lacking sortilin or SorCS2 were fully protected from development of allodynia and did not display KCC2 down-regulation following injury. In addition, a single intrathecal injection of antibodies against sortilin or SorCS2 could delay or rescue mechanical allodynia in wt SNI mice for 2-3 days. Finally, neither sortilin nor SorCS2 deficient mice responded to intrathecal injection of BDNF, in contrast to wt mice which developed transient mechanical allodynia. Conclusion We hypothesize that sortilin and SorCS2 are involved in neuropathic pain development by regulating TrkB signaling. Alternatively, Sortilins may directly influence the regulation of KCC2 membrane levels following injury. Both hypotheses are currently being investigated by our group.",
author = "M Richner and Bjerrum, {O J} and Koninck, {Y De} and A Nykjaer and Vaegter, {C B}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "183--184",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Pain",
issn = "1877-8860",
publisher = "De Gruyter",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - ABST

T1 - Sortilins in neuropathic pain

AU - Richner, M

AU - Bjerrum, O J

AU - Koninck, Y De

AU - Nykjaer, A

AU - Vaegter, C B

PY - 2012/12/29

Y1 - 2012/12/29

N2 - Background/aims The molecular mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain are incompletely understood, but recent data suggest that down-regulation of the chloride extruding co-transporter KCC2 in spinal cord sensory neurons is critical: Following peripheral nerve injury, activated microglia in the spinal cord release BDNF, which stimulates neuronal TrkB receptors and ultimately results in the reduction of KCC2 levels. Consequently, neuronal intracellular chloride ion concentration increases, impairing GABAA-receptor mediated inhibition. We have previously described how the receptor sortilin modulates neurotrophin signaling by facilitating anterograde transport of Trk receptors. Unpublished data further link SorCS2, another member of the Sortilins family of sorting receptors (sortilin, SorLA and SorCS1-3) to BDNF signaling by regulating presynaptic TrkB trafficking. The purpose of this study is to explore the involvement of Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Methods We subjected wild-type (wt), sortilin knockout (Sort1-/-) and SorCS2 knockout (SorCS2-/-) mice to the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI) model of peripheral nerve injury. Mechanical allodynia was measured by von Frey filaments using the up-down-up method and a 3-out-of-5 thresshold. Results As previously described by several groups, wt mice developed significant mechanical allodynia following SNI. Interestingly however, mice lacking sortilin or SorCS2 were fully protected from development of allodynia and did not display KCC2 down-regulation following injury. In addition, a single intrathecal injection of antibodies against sortilin or SorCS2 could delay or rescue mechanical allodynia in wt SNI mice for 2-3 days. Finally, neither sortilin nor SorCS2 deficient mice responded to intrathecal injection of BDNF, in contrast to wt mice which developed transient mechanical allodynia. Conclusion We hypothesize that sortilin and SorCS2 are involved in neuropathic pain development by regulating TrkB signaling. Alternatively, Sortilins may directly influence the regulation of KCC2 membrane levels following injury. Both hypotheses are currently being investigated by our group.

AB - Background/aims The molecular mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain are incompletely understood, but recent data suggest that down-regulation of the chloride extruding co-transporter KCC2 in spinal cord sensory neurons is critical: Following peripheral nerve injury, activated microglia in the spinal cord release BDNF, which stimulates neuronal TrkB receptors and ultimately results in the reduction of KCC2 levels. Consequently, neuronal intracellular chloride ion concentration increases, impairing GABAA-receptor mediated inhibition. We have previously described how the receptor sortilin modulates neurotrophin signaling by facilitating anterograde transport of Trk receptors. Unpublished data further link SorCS2, another member of the Sortilins family of sorting receptors (sortilin, SorLA and SorCS1-3) to BDNF signaling by regulating presynaptic TrkB trafficking. The purpose of this study is to explore the involvement of Sortilins in neuropathic pain. Methods We subjected wild-type (wt), sortilin knockout (Sort1-/-) and SorCS2 knockout (SorCS2-/-) mice to the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI) model of peripheral nerve injury. Mechanical allodynia was measured by von Frey filaments using the up-down-up method and a 3-out-of-5 thresshold. Results As previously described by several groups, wt mice developed significant mechanical allodynia following SNI. Interestingly however, mice lacking sortilin or SorCS2 were fully protected from development of allodynia and did not display KCC2 down-regulation following injury. In addition, a single intrathecal injection of antibodies against sortilin or SorCS2 could delay or rescue mechanical allodynia in wt SNI mice for 2-3 days. Finally, neither sortilin nor SorCS2 deficient mice responded to intrathecal injection of BDNF, in contrast to wt mice which developed transient mechanical allodynia. Conclusion We hypothesize that sortilin and SorCS2 are involved in neuropathic pain development by regulating TrkB signaling. Alternatively, Sortilins may directly influence the regulation of KCC2 membrane levels following injury. Both hypotheses are currently being investigated by our group.

U2 - 10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028

DO - 10.1016/j.sjpain.2012.05.028

M3 - Conference abstract in journal

C2 - 29913808

VL - 3

SP - 183

EP - 184

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Pain

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Pain

SN - 1877-8860

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 199586991