Spectacular manifestations of systemic diseases of the snake: a histopathological description of four cases

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Mari-Ann Otkjær Da Silva, Mads Frost Bertelsen, Steffen Heegaard, Michael M Garner

This paper reports histopathological findings in the spectacles of four snakes diagnosed with systemic gout, inclusion body disease, disseminated lymphoma and myeloproliferative disease, respectively. Gout was characterised by urate ghost tophi in the stroma and outer epithelium of the spectacle. Inclusion body disease affected all layers of the spectacle with intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusions. Two cases of neoplasia, lymphoma and myeloproliferative disease, affected the ocular adnexa and the spectacular transition zone. These cases provide novel insight into how the spectacle may respond to four different systemic diseases with world-wide distribution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Zoo and Aquarium research
Volume3
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)43-46
Number of pages4
ISSN2214-7594
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2015

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