Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of N-benzyl substituted 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamines as 5-HT2A/2C partial agonists
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N-Benzyl substitution of phenethylamine 5-HT2A receptor agonists has dramatic effects on binding affinity, receptor selectivity and agonist activity. In this paper we examine how affinity for the 5-HT2A/2C receptors are influenced by N-benzyl substitution of 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine derivatives. Special attention is given to the 2' and 3'-position of the N-benzyl as such compounds are known to be very potent. We found that substitutions in these positions are generally well tolerated. The 2'-position was further examined using a range of substituents to probe the hydrogen bonding requirements for optimal affinity and selectivity, and it was found that small changes in the ligands in this area had a profound effect on their affinities. Furthermore, two ligands that lack a 2'-benzyl substituent were also found to have high affinity contradicting previous held notions. Several high-affinity ligands were identified and assayed for functional activity at the 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptor, and they were generally found to be less efficacious agonists than previously reported N-benzyl phenethylamines.
|Journal||Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|