Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy. / Leke, Renata; Bak, Lasse Kristoffer; Iversen, Peter; Sørensen, Michael; Keiding, Susanne; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Ott, Peter; Portela, Luis V; Schousboe, Arne; Waagepetersen, Helle S.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 117, No. 5, 01.06.2011, p. 824-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Leke, R, Bak, LK, Iversen, P, Sørensen, M, Keiding, S, Vilstrup, H, Ott, P, Portela, LV, Schousboe, A & Waagepetersen, HS 2011, 'Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy', Journal of Neurochemistry, vol. 117, no. 5, pp. 824-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x

APA

Leke, R., Bak, L. K., Iversen, P., Sørensen, M., Keiding, S., Vilstrup, H., ... Waagepetersen, H. S. (2011). Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Journal of Neurochemistry, 117(5), 824-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x

Vancouver

Leke R, Bak LK, Iversen P, Sørensen M, Keiding S, Vilstrup H et al. Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Journal of Neurochemistry. 2011 Jun 1;117(5):824-32. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x

Author

Leke, Renata ; Bak, Lasse Kristoffer ; Iversen, Peter ; Sørensen, Michael ; Keiding, Susanne ; Vilstrup, Hendrik ; Ott, Peter ; Portela, Luis V ; Schousboe, Arne ; Waagepetersen, Helle S. / Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy. In: Journal of Neurochemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 117, No. 5. pp. 824-32.

Bibtex

@article{2875c85e58e2452eb7683e90b6de4f5c,
title = "Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy",
abstract = "J. Neurochem. (2011) 117, 824-832. ABSTRACT: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication to liver disease. It is known that ammonia plays a role in the pathogenesis of HE and disturbances in the GABAergic system have been related to HE. Synthesis of GABA occurs by decarboxylation of glutamate formed by deamidation of astrocyte-derived glutamine. It is known that a fraction of glutamate is decarboxylated directly to GABA (referred to as the direct pathway) and that a fraction undergoes transamination with formation of alpha-ketoglutarate. The latter fraction is cycled through the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle, an energy-generating pathway, prior to being employed for GABA synthesis (the indirect pathway). We have previously shown that ammonia induces an elevation of the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle activity. Thus, the aims of the present study were to determine if increased levels of ammonia increase GABA synthesis via the indirect pathway in a rat model of HE induced by bile-duct ligation and in co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes exposed to ammonia. Employing (13) C-labeled precursors and subsequent analysis by mass spectrometry, we demonstrated that more GABA was synthesized via the indirect pathway in bile duct-ligated rats and in co-cultures subjected to elevated ammonia levels. Since the indirect pathway is associated with synthesis of vesicular GABA, this might explain the increased GABAergic tone in HE.",
keywords = "Former Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences",
author = "Renata Leke and Bak, {Lasse Kristoffer} and Peter Iversen and Michael S{\o}rensen and Susanne Keiding and Hendrik Vilstrup and Peter Ott and Portela, {Luis V} and Arne Schousboe and Waagepetersen, {Helle S}",
note = "{\circledC} 2011 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry {\circledC} 2011 International Society for Neurochemistry.",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "824--32",
journal = "Journal of Neurochemistry",
issn = "0022-3042",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of neurotransmitter GABA via the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle is elevated in rats with liver cirrhosis consistent with a high GABAergic tone in chronic hepatic encephalopathy

AU - Leke, Renata

AU - Bak, Lasse Kristoffer

AU - Iversen, Peter

AU - Sørensen, Michael

AU - Keiding, Susanne

AU - Vilstrup, Hendrik

AU - Ott, Peter

AU - Portela, Luis V

AU - Schousboe, Arne

AU - Waagepetersen, Helle S

N1 - © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Neurochemistry © 2011 International Society for Neurochemistry.

PY - 2011/6/1

Y1 - 2011/6/1

N2 - J. Neurochem. (2011) 117, 824-832. ABSTRACT: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication to liver disease. It is known that ammonia plays a role in the pathogenesis of HE and disturbances in the GABAergic system have been related to HE. Synthesis of GABA occurs by decarboxylation of glutamate formed by deamidation of astrocyte-derived glutamine. It is known that a fraction of glutamate is decarboxylated directly to GABA (referred to as the direct pathway) and that a fraction undergoes transamination with formation of alpha-ketoglutarate. The latter fraction is cycled through the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle, an energy-generating pathway, prior to being employed for GABA synthesis (the indirect pathway). We have previously shown that ammonia induces an elevation of the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle activity. Thus, the aims of the present study were to determine if increased levels of ammonia increase GABA synthesis via the indirect pathway in a rat model of HE induced by bile-duct ligation and in co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes exposed to ammonia. Employing (13) C-labeled precursors and subsequent analysis by mass spectrometry, we demonstrated that more GABA was synthesized via the indirect pathway in bile duct-ligated rats and in co-cultures subjected to elevated ammonia levels. Since the indirect pathway is associated with synthesis of vesicular GABA, this might explain the increased GABAergic tone in HE.

AB - J. Neurochem. (2011) 117, 824-832. ABSTRACT: Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication to liver disease. It is known that ammonia plays a role in the pathogenesis of HE and disturbances in the GABAergic system have been related to HE. Synthesis of GABA occurs by decarboxylation of glutamate formed by deamidation of astrocyte-derived glutamine. It is known that a fraction of glutamate is decarboxylated directly to GABA (referred to as the direct pathway) and that a fraction undergoes transamination with formation of alpha-ketoglutarate. The latter fraction is cycled through the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle, an energy-generating pathway, prior to being employed for GABA synthesis (the indirect pathway). We have previously shown that ammonia induces an elevation of the neuronal tricarboxylic acid cycle activity. Thus, the aims of the present study were to determine if increased levels of ammonia increase GABA synthesis via the indirect pathway in a rat model of HE induced by bile-duct ligation and in co-cultures of neurons and astrocytes exposed to ammonia. Employing (13) C-labeled precursors and subsequent analysis by mass spectrometry, we demonstrated that more GABA was synthesized via the indirect pathway in bile duct-ligated rats and in co-cultures subjected to elevated ammonia levels. Since the indirect pathway is associated with synthesis of vesicular GABA, this might explain the increased GABAergic tone in HE.

KW - Former Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences

U2 - 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2011.07244.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 21395584

VL - 117

SP - 824

EP - 832

JO - Journal of Neurochemistry

JF - Journal of Neurochemistry

SN - 0022-3042

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 33562721