The physical properties of generic latanoprost ophthalmic solutions are not identical

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PURPOSE: To compare various characteristics of Xalatan® and five generic latanoprost ophthalmic solutions.

METHODS: Drop size, volume, pH values, buffer capacity, viscosity, hardness of bottles and costs were determined. Drop sizes were measured in triplicates by micropipettes, and the number of drops counted in three separate bottles of each generic product was determined. pH values were measured in triplicates by a calibrated pH meter. Buffer capacity was exploited by titrating known quantities of strong base into 2.5 ml of each brand and interpolated to neutral pH. Kinematic viscosity was determined by linear regression of timed gravity flow from a vertical syringe through a 21-G cannula. The hardness of the bottles was evaluated by gradually increasing tension on a hook placed around each bottle until a drop was expelled reading the tension on an attached spring scale.

RESULTS: Drop sizes and the number of drops in the bottles varied significantly between the generic drugs. The control value of pH in the brand version (Xalatan® ) was markedly lower compared to the generic latanoprost products. Titration of Xalatan® to neutrality required substantially more NaOH compared to the generic latanoprost products. Finally, the viscosity revealed a significant variability between brands. Remarkable differences were found in bottle shapes, bottle hardness and costs of the latanoprost generics.

CONCLUSION: Generic latanoprost eye drops should not be considered identical to the original brand version as regards to drop size, volumes, pH values, buffer capacity, viscosity, hardness of bottles and costs. It is likely that these issues affect compliance and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effect. Therefore, re-evaluation of the requirements for introducing generic eye drops seems reasonable.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)370-373
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

    Research areas

  • Antihypertensive Agents, Drug Costs, Drugs, Generic, Glaucoma, Humans, Intraocular Pressure, Ophthalmic Solutions, Prostaglandins F, Synthetic, Tonometry, Ocular, Journal Article

ID: 187580215