Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner. / Laursen, Rikke Pilmann; Larnkjær, Anni; Ritz, Christian; Frøkiær, Hanne; Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov; Mølgaard, Christian; Michaelsen, Kim F.

In: Acta Paediatrica, 05.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Laursen, RP, Larnkjær, A, Ritz, C, Frøkiær, H, Rytter, MJH, Mølgaard, C & Michaelsen, KF 2019, 'Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner', Acta Paediatrica. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15056

APA

Laursen, R. P., Larnkjær, A., Ritz, C., Frøkiær, H., Rytter, M. J. H., Mølgaard, C., & Michaelsen, K. F. (2019). Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner. Acta Paediatrica. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15056

Vancouver

Laursen RP, Larnkjær A, Ritz C, Frøkiær H, Rytter MJH, Mølgaard C et al. Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner. Acta Paediatrica. 2019 Nov 5. https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.15056

Author

Laursen, Rikke Pilmann ; Larnkjær, Anni ; Ritz, Christian ; Frøkiær, Hanne ; Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Michaelsen, Kim F. / Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner. In: Acta Paediatrica. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{f7453f46eb144bb485a7f11b4b1dd15a,
title = "Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner",
abstract = "Aim: The aim was to examine associations between thymus size and anthropometric measurements, sex, age, breastfeeding status, presence of siblings, household pets, and infections and allergies since birth in 8- to 13-month-old healthy Danish infants.Methods: Data collected from 256 healthy infants enrolled in the ProbiComp study were used. Thymus size was assessed using sonographic measures, and thymic index (TI) and thymus weight index (TWI) was used as an absolute and a relative volume estimate, respectively.Results: In terms of TI and TWI boys had approximately 15{\%} and 5{\%} larger thymus than girls (p<0.001 and p<0.02, respectively). TWI was larger in girls who were still breastfed than girls who were no longer breastfed (β 0.16 cm3 /kg; 95{\%} CI: 0.004, 0.29; p=0.01), but no difference was observed for boys. Having household pets was associated with a larger TI (p=0.02), which seemed to be driven by associations for boys (β 1.38 cm3 ; 95{\%} CI: 0.02, 2.74). No other factors associated with thymus size was identified.Conclusion: Thymus size was associated with current breastfeeding in girls and with having household pets in boys. Sex-specific associations should be further explored in future studies on factors associated with thymus size.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Breastfeeding, Infants, Sex-differences, Thymus size",
author = "Laursen, {Rikke Pilmann} and Anni Larnkj{\ae}r and Christian Ritz and Hanne Fr{\o}ki{\ae}r and Rytter, {Maren Johanne Heilskov} and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Michaelsen, {Kim F.}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1111/apa.15056",
language = "English",
journal = "Acta Paediatrica",
issn = "0803-5253",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thymus size is associated with breastfeeding and having pets in a sex-specific manner

AU - Laursen, Rikke Pilmann

AU - Larnkjær, Anni

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Frøkiær, Hanne

AU - Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

N1 - © 2019 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2019/11/5

Y1 - 2019/11/5

N2 - Aim: The aim was to examine associations between thymus size and anthropometric measurements, sex, age, breastfeeding status, presence of siblings, household pets, and infections and allergies since birth in 8- to 13-month-old healthy Danish infants.Methods: Data collected from 256 healthy infants enrolled in the ProbiComp study were used. Thymus size was assessed using sonographic measures, and thymic index (TI) and thymus weight index (TWI) was used as an absolute and a relative volume estimate, respectively.Results: In terms of TI and TWI boys had approximately 15% and 5% larger thymus than girls (p<0.001 and p<0.02, respectively). TWI was larger in girls who were still breastfed than girls who were no longer breastfed (β 0.16 cm3 /kg; 95% CI: 0.004, 0.29; p=0.01), but no difference was observed for boys. Having household pets was associated with a larger TI (p=0.02), which seemed to be driven by associations for boys (β 1.38 cm3 ; 95% CI: 0.02, 2.74). No other factors associated with thymus size was identified.Conclusion: Thymus size was associated with current breastfeeding in girls and with having household pets in boys. Sex-specific associations should be further explored in future studies on factors associated with thymus size.

AB - Aim: The aim was to examine associations between thymus size and anthropometric measurements, sex, age, breastfeeding status, presence of siblings, household pets, and infections and allergies since birth in 8- to 13-month-old healthy Danish infants.Methods: Data collected from 256 healthy infants enrolled in the ProbiComp study were used. Thymus size was assessed using sonographic measures, and thymic index (TI) and thymus weight index (TWI) was used as an absolute and a relative volume estimate, respectively.Results: In terms of TI and TWI boys had approximately 15% and 5% larger thymus than girls (p<0.001 and p<0.02, respectively). TWI was larger in girls who were still breastfed than girls who were no longer breastfed (β 0.16 cm3 /kg; 95% CI: 0.004, 0.29; p=0.01), but no difference was observed for boys. Having household pets was associated with a larger TI (p=0.02), which seemed to be driven by associations for boys (β 1.38 cm3 ; 95% CI: 0.02, 2.74). No other factors associated with thymus size was identified.Conclusion: Thymus size was associated with current breastfeeding in girls and with having household pets in boys. Sex-specific associations should be further explored in future studies on factors associated with thymus size.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Breastfeeding

KW - Infants

KW - Sex-differences

KW - Thymus size

U2 - 10.1111/apa.15056

DO - 10.1111/apa.15056

M3 - Journal article

JO - Acta Paediatrica

JF - Acta Paediatrica

SN - 0803-5253

ER -

ID: 228694382