A Nationwide Observational Study of Chlamydia trachomatis Infections in Denmark during the COVID-19 Pandemic

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  • Paula L Hedley
  • Steen Hoffmann
  • Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen
  • Marianne Voldstedlund
  • Karsten Dalsgaard Bjerre
  • Hviid, Anders Peter
  • Krebs, Lone
  • Jørgen S Jensen
  • Michael Christiansen

The aim of this study was to determine whether COVID-19 restrictions had an impact on Chlamydia trachomatis infections compared with 2018 and 2019. A retrospective nationwide observational study was performed using monthly incidences of laboratory-confirmed chlamydia cases and number of tests, obtained from Danish national surveillance data. Testing rates and positivity rates were compared using Poisson and logistic regression. The first Danish COVID-19 lockdown (12 March to 14 April 2020) resulted in a reduction in the number of chlamydia tests performed (rate ratio 0.72, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0.71-0.73) and a consequent reduction in the number of laboratory-identified cases (66.5 vs 88.3 per 100,000 during the same period in 2018 to 2019). This period was followed by a return of testing and test positivity close to the level seen in 2018 to 2019. The second Danish COVID-19 lockdown (17 December to 31 March 2021) resulted in crude incidence rates of laboratory-confirmed chlamydia infection that were similar to the crude incidence rates seen during same period in 2018 to 2019. In conclusion, the Danish COVID-19 restrictions have had negligible effects on laboratory-confirmed C. trachomatis transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberadv00704
JournalActa Dermato-Venereologica
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2022

ID: 303611354